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The influence of parenting style on child development

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Today parents have different parenting styles to educate their children, styles that are sometimes not aware that they carry them out. There are three types of parenting: authoritarian, permissive and democratic.

Any type of parenting can have consequences for child development, so it is worth bearing in mind the style of parenting that takes place with the children. It is possible that when you discover it you realize that it is not what you want for your children, in this case, it is best to know the other parenting styles to modify their own behavior and choose the best one for the proper development of the children.

Parenting styles

Parenting style is the way in which parents raise their children directly influences their growth and the social-emotional development of children. Two basic elements that help the successful up


bringing of the children stand out: the capacity of the parents to respond and their demands on their children. Of the parenting styles cited, it should be noted that not all parents fit into a single category, as it is more usual to have traits of different parenting styles.

How parenting styles affect child development

Democratic style

This style of parenting is the most fruitful for children because of its high degree of entanglement and equal levels of control. Democratic parents provide realistic, coherent expectations, norms and limits, so the consequences will be fair and natural. Natural consequences are those that occur as a natural result of the children attitude or lack of attitude or behavior (such as not studying for an exam or touching a stove and being burned by warnings that you should not do so).

They are caring parents who listen to and respect their children's point of view and offer them opportunities to be independent. The children have a good development with the following characteristics: security, good self-esteem, self-confidence, and assertiveness.

Authoritarian style

In this style parents want children to obey without question, they are strict and controlling any aspect of their children's lives. They establish rigid rules with great consequences. Children who grow up in this style become anxious and have problems with self-esteem and behavior. Characteristics of children under this parenting style: shyness, insecurity, frustration, dependence, and rebellion.

Permissive style

In this parenting style, parents love with their children but do not set norms or limits. They are lenient, they do not use punishment and they allow their children to make their decisions without their guidance and regardless of the consequences. They try to be friends instead of parents showing little control in the children's lives. Children raised under this style of parenting have the following characteristics in their development: they lack self-discipline; they can have risk behavior, impulsive behavior, disruptive behavior, disinterest, anxiety or low self-esteem.

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Negligent style

These parents are not involved in the lives of their children, they do not respond to their needs. It can occur due to depression on the part of parents, drug addiction or other factors such as parents addicted to work. It is a form of abandonment. Children raised in this style usually withdraw emotionally, are afraid and anxious. You also present the following characteristics: low self-esteem, low school performance, risk behaviors, feelings of loneliness, child depression or aggressive behavior.

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