What Is Thyroid Cancer?
Our thyroid is formed like a small butterfly and is usually found inside the lower front of your neck. It's a gland that manages your metabolism. It also releases hormones that many direct functions in your body, including how you use strength, how you generate heat, and how you consume oxygen.
Thyroid cancer develops when cells change or mutate. The unusual cells start increasing in your thyroid and, once there are sufficient of them, they form a tumor.
If it's detected early, thyroid cancer is one of the most treatable forms of cancer. Sorafenat 200mg Best medicine to treat Thyroid cancer.
How Do I Know If I Have Thyroid Cancer?
Thyroid nodules, or lumps, are very common. Most aren't cancer.
Your thyroid is the small, butterfly-shaped gland usually found at the bottom front of your neck. If you lump it, chances are you found it yourself, though your doctor may have recognized it during a physical exam. If you have discovered a lump on your own, you should get your physician to check it.
- Physical Exam
- Blood Tests
- Genetic Tests
Types of thyroid cancer
The type of thyroid cancer you have determines treatment and prognosis. Types of thyroid cancer include:
Papillary thyroid cancer. The most popular form of thyroid cancer, papillary thyroid cancer, arises from follicular cells, which produce and store thyroid hormones. Papillary thyroid cancer can occur at any age, but most often, it affects people ages 30 to 50.
Follicular thyroid cancer. Follicular thyroid cancer also starts from the follicular cells of the thyroid. It usually affects people older than age 50. Hurthle cell cancer is a rare and potentially more aggressive type of follicular thyroid cancer.
Medullary thyroid cancer. Medullary thyroid cancer occurs in thyroid cells called C cells, which produce the hormone calcitonin. High levels of calcitonin in the blood can indicate medullary thyroid cancer at a very advanced stage. Specific genetic symptoms increase the risk of medullary thyroid cancer, although this genetic link is uncommon.
Anaplastic thyroid cancer. Anaplastic thyroid cancer is a rare and quickly progressing cancer that is very challenging to treat. Anaplastic thyroid cancer typically occurs in adults age 60 and older.
Thyroid lymphoma. Thyroid lymphoma is a rare form of thyroid cancer that occurs in the immune system cells in the thyroid and multiplies. Thyroid lymphoma typically occurs in older adults.
What Are the Symptoms?
Thyroid cancer typically doesn't cause any signs or symptoms early in the disease. As thyroid cancer increases, it may cause:
- Hoarseness or other voice changes
- A continuous cough that is not due to a cold
- Pain in your neck and throat
- Swollen lymph nodes in your neck
- Pain that starts in the front of the neck and goes up into your ears
- A lump that can be felt through the skin on your neck
- Also, if your face is using red and you have frequent loose bowel actions, these may be signs of something called medullary thyroid cancer.
Who Gets It?
Thyroid cancer is more common in women than in men. Women tend to get thyroid cancer in their 40s and 50s, while men who get it are generally in their 60s or 70s.
Follicular thyroid cancer occurs more often in whites than blacks and more women than men.
You can still get thyroid cancer if you're younger. Papillary thyroid cancer, for example, occurs most often in people between ages 30 and 50.
Is It Treatable?
Thyroid cancer is usually very treatable, even if you have a more advanced stage of it. Soranib 200 mg effective treatments that give you an excellent chance for a full recovery. And surgery, when it's needed, can sometimes cure it.
What Causes It?
There is no apparent reason why most people get thyroid cancer. There are certain things, though, that can raise your odds of getting it.
You have inherited genetic syndromes. Some situations, including cancer, come from the DNA you get from your fathers and Mother. In 2 out of 10 cases of medullary thyroid cancer, for example, the disease is a result of an unusual gene you've inherited.
Iodine deficiency. If you don't get much of this chemical element in your diet, you could be at more risk for certain types of thyroid cancer. This is rare in the United States because iodine is added to salt and other foods.
Radiation exposure. If your head or neck was opened to radiation treatment as a child.
What Are the Stages of Thyroid Cancer?
If you or someone you love has thyroid cancer, you want to know what treatments are available and what to expect. This depends on many things – starting with what type of thyroid cancer you have and its stage.
It's easy to get swamped by the numbers, letters, and unfamiliar words, even when you're not under stress. This article will help you make better sense of what is happening based on cancer's stage.
What Are The Treatments for Thyroid Cancer?
There are lots of ways to treat thyroid cancer. The treatment you get will depend on the type and stage of cancer. It also depends on your age, general health, and other things that are unique to you.
- Radioactive Iodine Ablation
- Thyroid Hormone Therapy
Tips to Handle Thyroid Cancer Treatment Side Effects
Thyroid cancer is relatively rare. And thanks to excellent treatments, it can be cured most of the time.
The type of treatment you get depends on what kind of thyroid cancer you have, and if it has spread. Most people are treated with surgery alone or with a combination of surgery and radioactive iodine.
If you have side effects from treatment, there are ways to manage them that will help you feel better.
Factors that may increase the risk of thyroid cancer include:
Female sex. Thyroid cancer occurs more often in women than in men.
Exposure to high levels of radiation. Examples of exposure to high levels of radiation include radiation treatments to the head and neck and fallout from sources such as nuclear power plant accidents or weapons testing.
Certain inherited genetic syndromes. Genetic syndromes that increase the risk of thyroid cancer include familial medullary thyroid cancer and multiple endocrine neoplasia.
Thyroid cancer may recur in:
- Lymph nodes in the neck
- Small pieces of thyroid tissue left behind during surgery
- Other areas of the body
- Thyroid cancer that recurs can be treated. Your doctor may recommend periodic blood tests or thyroid scans to check for signs of a thyroid cancer recurrence.