What Is Renal Cell (Kidney cancer) Carcinoma?
It's the most common type of kidney cancer. Although it's a severe disease, finding and treating it early makes it more likely that you'll be cured. No matter when you're diagnosed, you can do certain things to ease your symptoms and feel better during your treatment.
Most people who have renal cell carcinoma are older, usually between ages 50 and 70. It often starts as just one tumor in a kidney, but sometimes it begins as several tumors, or it's found in both kidneys at once. You might also hear it called renal cell cancer.
Doctors have different ways to treat renal cell carcinoma, and scientists are testing new ones, too. You'll want to learn as much about your disease as you can and work with your doctor so you can choose the best treatment.
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Drugs Sorafenat 200mg (sorafenib) is cancer treatment (chemotherapy) drugs Sorafenat intervene in the growth of cancer cells and slow the growth and spread in the body.
Sorafenat (sorafenib 200mg) is also used to treat a type of kidney cancer called advanced kidney cell carcinoma, and it is also used to treat liver cancer.
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These are some other risk factors for kidney cancer:
- Being male.
- Being obese.
- I am using certain pain medications for a long time.
- Some inherited conditions, especially von Hippel-Lindau disease
- Having a family history of kidney cancer.
- I have high blood pressure.
- Being black.
- I have lymphoma.
What Are the Symptoms of Kidney Cancer?
In many cases, people may have no early symptoms of kidney cancer. As the tumor grows larger, symptoms may appear. You may have one or more of these kidney cancer symptoms:
- Blood in your urine
- A lump in your side or abdomen
- A loss of appetite
- Pain in your side that doesn't go away
- Weight loss that occurs for no known reason
- Fever that lasts for weeks and isn't caused by a cold or other infection
- Swelling in your ankles or legs
- Shortness of breath
- Bone pain
How Do I Know If I Have Kidney Cancer?
Maybe you've had kidney cancer symptoms such as pain in your side, weight loss, or extreme fatigue. Or maybe your doctor has found a lump in your side during a routine exam or a sign of kidney cancer during a test for another disease.
Your doctor will feel your abdomen and side for lumps and check for fever and high blood pressure, among other things. You will also answer questions about your health habits, any past illnesses, and types of treatment.
Urine tests check for blood in your urine or other signs of problems.
Blood tests show how well your kidneys are working.
Once your doctor makes a diagnosis of kidney cancer, you may need other tests to tell if cancer has spread within your kidney, to the other kidney, or other parts of your body. When cancer spreads from the place where it first started, it has metastasized. You might need a CT scan or MRI. A chest X-ray can show whether cancer has spread to your lungs. A bone scan can see if it is in your bones. These tests will help your doctor determine the stage of kidney cancer.
What Are the Stages of Kidney Cancer?
Your prognosis depends on your general health, as well as the grade and stage of your kidney cancer.
A tumor centimeter or smaller that is only in the kidney
A tumor larger than 7 centimeters that are only in the kidney
Cancer that is in the kidney and at least one nearby lymph node
Cancer that is in the kidney's main blood vessel and may also be in neighboring lymph node
A tumor that is in the fatty muscle throughout the kidney and may also involve nearby lymph nodes
Cancer that extends into major veins or perinephric muscles, but not into the ipsilateral adrenal gland and not beyond Gerota's fascia
Cancer has grown beyond the fatty layer of tissue around the kidney, and it may also be in nearby lymph nodes
Cancer may have spread to other organs, such as the bowel, pancreas, or lungs
Cancer has spread beyond Gerota's fascia (including contiguous extension into the ipsilateral adrenal gland)
What Are the Treatments for Kidney Cancer?
Once you have a diagnosis and know your stage of kidney cancer, you and your doctor can plan treatment. You may want to gather information to help you feel more informed about your decision. Your doctor may refer you to a specialist for treatment. Before beginning treatment, many people find it helpful to get a second opinion about the diagnosis of kidney cancer and the treatment plan. Sorafenib Drug Best Medicine to treat Kidney cancer.
There are several standard types of treatment for kidney cancer. In most cases, surgery is the first step. Even if surgery removes the entire tumor, though, your doctor may suggest a special treatment to kill any remaining cancer cells that can't be seen.
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1. Surgery for kidney cancer
These are the main types of surgery for kidney cancer. Which type you have depends on how advanced your cancer is.
Complete nephrectomy removes the kidney, adrenal gland, and surrounding tissue. It also often removes nearby lymph nodes. It is the most common surgery for kidney cancer and can now be done through a small incision with a laparoscope.
2. Simple nephrectomy removes the kidney only.
Partial nephrectomy removes cancer in the kidney, along with some tissue around it. This procedure is used for patients with smaller tumors (less than 4 cm) or in those patients in which a radical nephrectomy might hurt the other kidney.
You can survive with just a part of one kidney as long as it is still working. If the surgeon removes both kidneys or if both kidneys are not working, you will need a machine to clean your blood (dialysis) or a new kidney (kidney transplant). Operation is possible if your cancer was found only in your kidney, and a donated kidney is available.
3. Cryotherapy uses extreme cold to kill the tumor.
Radiofrequency ablation uses high-energy radio waves to "cook" the tumor.
Arterial embolization involves inserting material into an artery that leads to the kidney. This blocks blood flow to the tumor. This procedure may be done to help shrink the tumor before surgery.
4. Biologic therapy for kidney cancer
This therapy uses your immune system to fight cancer by boosting, directing, or restoring your body's natural defenses. Substances for biologic treatment are made by your body or in a lab.
5. Targeted therapy for kidney cancer
This therapy uses drugs or other materials to find and target cancer cells with less toxicity to healthy cells. One type of targeted therapy is anti-angiogenic agents. These keep blood vessels from feeding a tumor, causing it to shrink or stop growing.
6. Radiation therapy for kidney cancer
Often used to help with symptoms of kidney cancer or in patients who cannot have surgery, this treatment uses high-energy X-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells or halt their growth. External radiation therapy sends radiation to cancer from a machine outside the body.